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Decachaeta and amoebiasis



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Decachaeta is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae

A description of the experience


Exp Parasitol. 2013 Nov;135(3):503-10. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2013.08.015. Epub 2013 Aug 28.  Effect of the sesquiterpene lactone incomptine A in the energy metabolism of Entamoeba histolytica. Velázquez-Domínguez J, A Marchat L, López-Camarillo C, Mendoza-Hernández G, Sánchez-Espíndola E, Calzada F, Ortega-Hernández A, Sánchez-Monroy V, Ramírez-Moreno E.  Posgrado en Biomedicina Molecular, ENMyH, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México City 07320, Mexico.

Entamoeba histolytica is the causative agent of human amoebiasis, which mainly affects developing countries. Although several drugs are effective against E. histolytica trophozoites, the control of amoebiasis requires the development of new and better alternative therapies.

Medicinal plants have been the source of new molecules with remarkable antiprotozoal activity. Incomptine A isolated from Decachaeta incompta leaves, is a sesquiterpene lactone of the heliangolide type which has the major in vitro activity against E. histolytica trophozoites. However the molecular mechanisms involved in its antiprotozoal activity are still unknown.

Using a proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) analysis, we evidenced that 21 E. histolytica proteins were differentially expressed in response to incomptine A treatment. Notably, three glycolytic enzymes, namely enolase, pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase and fructose-1,6-biphosphate aldolase, were down-regulated. Moreover, ultrastructural analysis of trophozoites through electronic microscopy showed an increased number of glycogen granules. Taken together, our data suggested that incomptine A could affect E. histolytica growth through alteration of its energy metabolism.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Amoebiasis, Decachaeta incompta, Glycolisis, Proteomic analysis, STL, Ultrastructure, sesquiterpene lactone

PMID: 23994114

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