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Clinical symptoms and circumstances of acute poisonings with fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) and panther cap (Amanita pantherina



Type of Spiritual Experience


Number of hallucinations: 1


A description of the experience

Przegl Lek. 2011;68(8):449-52. [Clinical symptoms and circumstances of acute poisonings with fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) and panther cap (Amanita pantherina)]. [Article in Polish]

Łukasik-Głebocka M, Druzdz A, Naskret M. Source    Oddział Toksykologii z Ośrodkiem Informacji Toksykologicznej, Szpital im. F. Raszei, Poznań. magda.glebocka@op.pl

Mushroom poisonings in Poland are quite common, especially in summer and autumn, but fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) and panther cap (Amanita pantherina) are rather rare cause of these intoxications. Fly agaric is a cause of deliberate poisoning, whereas panther cap poisoning also happens accidentally. The main toxins of these two mushrooms are ibotenic acid (pantherine, agarine), muscimol, muscazone and muscaridine. The other bioactive substances are stizolobic and stizolobinic acids and aminodicarboxyethylthiopropanoic acids. All these compounds are responsible for diverse picture of intoxication. An analysis of patients with Amanita muscaria and Amanita pantherina poisoning hospitalized in the Poznan Departament of Toxicology revealed that symptoms occurred after 30 minutes to 2 hours with vomiting, hallucinations, restlessness, increased psychomotor drive and central nervous system depression. Other antycholinergic symptoms like tachycardia and increased blood pressure, mydriasis, dry and red skin were seen only in a few cases. Acute respiratory failure was the most dangerous symptom observed in the course of poisoning.

PMID:  22010435

The source of the experience


Concepts, symbols and science items



Science Items

Activities and commonsteps



Amanita muscaria