Some science behind the scenes

Aluminium chelating plants

Any plant that upon analysis contains aluminium, when it has no need of that chemical itself is, by definition, capable of chelating the soil. 

The following list is from Dr Duke's phytochemical database and contains just some of the plants he found that contained aluminium upon analysis.  The implications are also clear, that it is not safe to eat these plants if they have been grown on contaminated land.

Once the chelation of the land is complete, they need to be disposed of safely, for example placed in a deep pit - an open cast mine for example or other deep hole in the ground - where they cannot resurface and where their contaminants are safely buried

List of plants containing ALUMINUM

SpeciesPartLo
ppm
Hi
ppm
Reference
Cucumis sativus L. [Cucurbitaceae] Fruit 0.4 21000 DUKE1992A
Echinacea spp [Asteraceae] Root 786 12900 EMP5:253
Juniperus virginiana L. [Cupressaceae] Shoot 57 8800 DUKE1992A
Carya glabra (MILLER) SWEET [Juglandaceae] Shoot 40 7700 DUKE1992A
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus MOENCH. [Caprifoliaceae] Stem 190 4400 DUKE1992A
Pinus echinata MILLER [Pinaceae] Shoot 255 4200 USG
Phaseolus lunatus L. [Fabaceae] Seed 0.44 3000 USG
Nyssa sylvatica MARSHALL [Cornaceae] Leaf 25 2730 DUKE1992A
Centella asiatica (L.) URBAN [Apiaceae] Leaf 2060 2060 PED 1
Stellaria media (L.) VILLARS [Caryophyllaceae] Plant 1960 1960 PED 1
Rhus copallina L. [Anacardiaceae] Leaf 40 1920 DUKE1992A
Mentha pulegium L. [Lamiaceae] Plant 1850 1850 PED
Liquidambar styraciflua L. [Hamamelidaceae] Stem 10 1800 DUKE1992A
Lycopersicon esculentum MILLER [Solanaceae] Fruit 0.3 1700 DUKE1992A
Prunus serotina subsp. serotina [Rosaceae] Leaf 14 1440 USG
Agathosma betulina (P. J. BERGIUS) PILLANS [Rutaceae] Leaf 1360 1360 PED
Barosma betulina (P. J. BERGIUS) BARTL. & H. L. WENDL. [Rutaceae] Leaf 1360 1360 DUKE1992A
Sassafras albidum (NUTT.) NEES [Lauraceae] Leaf 50 1360 USG
Ruscus aculeatus L. [Liliaceae] Root 1310 1310 PED 1
Liquidambar styraciflua L. [Hamamelidaceae] Leaf 40 1230 DUKE1992A
Quercus alba L. [Fagaceae] Stem 20 1064 USG
Daucus carota L. [Apiaceae] Root 1 1050 DUKE1992A
Phaseolus vulgaris subsp. var. vulgaris [Fabaceae] Fruit 1 1050 AAS USG
Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH [Rosaceae] Fruit 2.25 1050 DUKE1992A
Vitis vinifera L. [Vitaceae] Stem 1030 1030 PED
Rhus glabra L. [Anacardiaceae] Stem 2 1005 DUKE1992A
Harpagophytum procumbens (BURCH.) DC. EX MEISN. [Pedaliaceae] Root 939 939 PED 1
Thymus vulgaris L. [Lamiaceae] Leaf 920 920 PED
Quercus stellata WANGENH. [Fagaceae] Stem 18 840 DUKE1992A
Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) MICHX. [Berberidaceae] Root 762 762 PED 1/
Smilax spp [Smilacaceae] Root 745 745 PED
Sassafras albidum (NUTT.) NEES [Lauraceae] Stem 6 740 DUKE1992A
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) SPRENGEL [Ericaceae] Leaf 719 719 PED
Viburnum opulus subsp. var. opulus [Adoxaceae] Bark 702 702 PED
Asparagus officinalis L. [Liliaceae] Shoot 13 700 DUKE1992A
Camellia sinensis (L.) KUNTZE [Theaceae] Leaf 690 690 DUKE1992A
Althaea officinalis L. [Malvaceae] Root 680 680 PED
Zingiber officinale ROSCOE [Zingiberaceae] Root 663 663 PED
Nyssa sylvatica MARSHALL [Cornaceae] Stem 22 660 DUKE1992A
Quercus rubra L. [Fagaceae] Stem 30 660 DUKE1992A
Taraxacum officinale WEBER EX F. H. WIGG. [Asteraceae] Root 656 656 PED
Fucus vesiculosus L. [] Plant 631 631 PED
Rhodymenia palmata [] Plant 615 615 DUKE1992A
Rhus copallina L. [Anacardiaceae] Stem 18 610 DUKE1992A
Turnera diffusa WILLD. EX SCHULT. [Turneraceae] Leaf 605 605 PED
Prunus serotina subsp. serotina [Rosaceae] Stem 0 540 USG
Cymbopogon citratus (DC. ex NEES) STAPF [Poaceae] Plant 515 515 PED
Berberis vulgaris L. [Berberidaceae] Root 489 489 PED
Quercus velutina LAM. [Fagaceae] Stem 24 434 DUKE1992A
Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS [Apiaceae] Root 422 422 PED
Valeriana officinalis L. [Valerianaceae] Root 422 422 PED
Beta vulgaris subsp. subsp. vulgaris [Chenopodiaceae] Root 1 420 AAS USG
Erythroxylum coca var. coca [Erythroxylaceae] Leaf 395 420 DUKE1992A
Quercus phellos L. [Fagaceae] Stem 14 420 DUKE1992A
Rubus idaeus L. [Rosaceae] Leaf 392 392 PED
Petroselinum crispum (MILLER) NYMAN EX A. W. HILLL [Apiaceae] Plant 6 390 AAS USG
Rumex crispus L. [Polygonaceae] Root 390 390 PED
Allium cepa L. [Liliaceae] Bulb 0.3 385 AAS USG
Diospyros virginiana L. [Ebenaceae] Stem 4 378 DUKE1992A
Equisetum arvense L. [Equisetaceae] Plant 378 378 PED
Chondrus crispus (L.) STACKH. [] Plant 355 355 PED
Trigonella foenum-graecum L. [Fabaceae] Seed 350 350 PED
Urtica dioica L. [Urticaceae] Leaf 62 345 AAS HH3
Elytrigia repens (L.) DESV. EX NEVSKI [Poaceae] Plant 331 331 PED
Citrus paradisi MacFAD. [Rutaceae] Fruit 1 330 AAS USG
Hydrastis canadensis L. [Ranunculaceae] Root 325 325 PED
Gentiana lutea L. [Gentianaceae] Root 291 291 PED
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. [Malvaceae] Flower 125 290 PED X11314985
Larrea tridentata (SESSE & MOC. ex DC.) COV. [Zygophyllaceae] Plant 290 290 PED 1
Panax quinquefolius L. [Araliaceae] Plant 24 285 DUKE1992A
Viscum album L. [Viscaceae] Leaf 283 283 DUKE1992A
Zea mays L. [Poaceae] Seed 1 275 USG
Spinacia oleracea L. [Chenopodiaceae] Leaf 5 270 AAS
Silybum marianum (L.) GAERTN. [Asteraceae] Plant 267 267 PED
Scutellaria lateriflora L. [Lamiaceae] Plant 258 258 PED
Prunus domestica L. [Rosaceae] Fruit 1 255 AAS USG
Solanum tuberosum L. [Solanaceae] Tuber 3.9 255 USG
Lobelia inflata L. [Campanulaceae] Leaf 251 251 PED
Nepeta cataria L. [Lamiaceae] Plant 250 250 PED
Cypripedium pubescens WILLD. [Orchidaceae] Root 238 238 PED 1/
Symphytum officinale L. [Boraginaceae] Root 237 237 PED
Arctium lappa L. [Asteraceae] Root 231 231 PED
Juglans nigra L. [Juglandaceae] Fruit 231 231 PED 4
Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) NUTT. [Ranunculaceae] Root 226 226 PED
Hydrangea arborescens L. [Hydrangeaceae] Root 221 221 PED 1
Zea mays L. [Poaceae] Silk Stigma Style 213 213 PED 6
Hordeum vulgare L. [Poaceae] Stem 212 212 PED 9
Anethum graveolens L. [Apiaceae] Plant 4 210 AAS
Dioscorea sp. [Dioscoreaceae] Root 210 210 DUKE1992A
Raphanus sativus L. [Brassicaceae] Root 6 185 DUKE1992A
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. [Fabaceae] Root 182 182 PED
Schisandra chinensis (TURCZ.) BAILL. [Schisandraceae] Fruit 174 174 PED
Cichorium endivia L. [Asteraceae] Leaf 60 168 DUKE1992A
Citrus sinensis (L.) OSBECK [Rutaceae] Fruit 1 165 USG
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) MERR. & L. M. PERRY [Myrtaceae] Fruit 80 160 BML
Vitis vinifera L. [Vitaceae] Fruit 1 154 AAS USG
Polygonum multiflorum THUNB. [Polygonaceae] Root 152 152 PED
Myrica cerifera L. [Myricaceae] Bark 151 151 PED 1
Trifolium pratense L. [Fabaceae] Flower 137 137 PED
Medicago sativa subsp. sativa [Fabaceae] Plant 135 135 PED
Malus domestica BORKH. [Rosaceae] Fruit 0.4 129 AAS USG
Lactuca sativa L. [Asteraceae] Leaf 3 126 DUKE1992A
Salvia officinalis L. [Lamiaceae] Leaf 115 115 PED
Pimenta dioica (L.) MERR. [Myrtaceae] Plant 110 110 DUKE1992A
Pyrus communis L. [Rosaceae] Fruit 1 105 DUKE1992A
Ribes rubrum L. [Grossulariaceae] Fruit 3 100 DUKE1992A
Euphrasia officinalis L. [Scrophulariaceae] Plant 99 99 PED
Frangula purshiana (DC.) J. G. COOPER [Rhamnaceae] Bark 99 99 PED
Cnicus benedictus L. [Asteraceae] Plant 85 85 PED
Carthamus tinctorius L. [Asteraceae] Flower 84 84 PED
Rheum rhabarbarum L. [Polygonaceae] Pt 1 80 DUKE1992A
Cucumis melo subsp. ssp melo var.cantalupensis NAUDIN [Cucurbitaceae] Fruit 26 77 USG
Manihot esculenta CRANTZ [Euphorbiaceae] Root 10 77 DUKE1992A
Sorbus aucubaria L. [Rosaceae] Fruit 2 75 DUKE1992A
Phaseolus vulgaris subsp. var. vulgaris [Fabaceae] Seed 5 73 USG
Stevia rebaudiana (BERTONI) BERTONI [Asteraceae] Leaf 72 72 PED
Fragaria spp [Rosaceae] Fruit 3 70 AAS
Salix alba L. [Salicaceae] Bark 67 67 PED
Ribes nigrum L. [Grossulariaceae] Fruit 3 65 AAS
Cyrtosperma chamissonis (SCHOTT) MERR. [Araceae] Root 13 63 DUKE1992A
Ephedra sinica STAPF [Ephedraceae] Plant 63 63 PED
Mentha x piperita subsp. nothosubsp. piperita [Lamiaceae] Leaf 62 62 PED
Juniperus communis L. [Cupressaceae] Fruit 61 61 PED
Glycine max (L.) MERR. [Fabaceae] Seed 2 60 USG WOI
Foeniculum vulgare MILLER [Apiaceae] Seed 56 56 PED
Tragopogon porrifolius L. [Asteraceae] Root 56 56 DUKE1992A
Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus LODD. [Ericaceae] Fruit 5 53 DUKE1992A
Allium sativum var. sativum L. [Liliaceae] Bulb 52 52 PED
Phoenix dactylifera L. [Arecaceae] Fruit 51 51 JAD
Yucca baccata TORR. [Agavaceae] Root 51 51 PED 1
Capsicum annuum L. [Solanaceae] Fruit 1 44 AAS HHB USG
Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH [Rosaceae] Bark 43 43 DUKE1992A
Brassica pekinensis (LOUR.) RUPR. [Brassicaceae] Leaf 28 42 DUKE1992A
Averrhoa carambola L. [Oxalidaceae] Fruit 3 41 JAD
Vaccinium myrtillus L. [Ericaceae] Fruit 4 38 AAS PED 1
Pastinaca sativa L. [Apiaceae] Root 1 35 DUKE1992A
Achillea millefolium L. [Asteraceae] Plant 34 34 PED
Plantago psyllium L. [Plantaginaceae] Seed 34 34 PED 1
Ribes uva-crispa L. [Grossulariaceae] Fruit 1 33 DUKE1992A
Armoracia rusticana GAERTN. ET AL. [Brassicaceae] Root 4 30 AAS
Crataegus laevigata (POIR.) DC [Rosaceae] Fruit 29 29 PED
Chamaemelum nobile (L.) ALL. [Asteraceae] Flower 27 27 DUKE1992A
Rubus chamaemorus L. [Rosaceae] Fruit 1 25 DUKE1992A
Pisum sativum L. [Fabaceae] Seed 1 24 DUKE1992A
Aloe vera (L.) BURM. f. [Aloeaceae] Leaf 22 22 PED
Panax ginseng C. A. MEYER [Araliaceae] Root 22 22 PED 1 10673
Ulmus rubra MUHLENB. [Ulmaceae] Bark 22 22 PED
Quercus alba L. [Fagaceae] Bark 21 21 PED
Genipa americana L. [Rubiaceae] Seed 20 20 DUKE1992A
Genipa americana L. [Rubiaceae] Fruit 4 20 DUKE1992A
Amorphophallus campanulatus BLUME [Araceae] Root 4 18 DUKE1992A
Colocasia esculenta (L.) SCHOTT [Araceae] Leaf 18 18 DUKE1992A
Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) SCHOTT [Araceae] Root 5.3 16.6 DUKE1992A