Unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007 Feb;61(1):120-3.
Unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome.
Hsiao MC1, Liu CY.
- 1Women's Mental Health Program, Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.
The authors have identified six unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome:
(i) typical premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms during ovulation;
(ii) upper airway infection in the premenstrual phase that remits after onset of menstruation;
(iii) recurrent perimenstrual erythematous and edematous skin plaques;
(iv) hypomanic or manic state 2-3 days before onset of menstruation;
(v) auditory hallucinations and delusion of reference, present only premenstrually; and
(vi) remitted bipolar disorder presenting with premenstrual psychotic features.
Psychiatrists should be aware of menstrual cycle-related changes in mental illness, physical illness, or both in women of reproductive age, if cyclic trends are suspected.
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
Reproductive system disease