Observations placeholder

Toxic honey poisoning

Identifier

001447

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

The effects of grayanotoxin – even in honey – can be fatal.  Although despite the potential cardiac problems the condition is “rarely fatal and generally lasts less than a day” principally because doctors know how to treat the symptoms.

A description of the experience

Clinical review of grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning past and present - Gunduz A, Turedi S, Russell RM, Ayaz FA; Emergency Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey.

Grayanotoxin is a naturally occurring sodium channel toxin which enters the human food supply by honey made from the pollen and nectar of the plant family Ericaceae in which rhododendron is a genus.

Grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning is a little known, but well studied, cholinergic toxidrome resulting in incapacitating and, sometimes, life-threatening bradycardia, hypotension, and altered mental status. Complete heart blocks occur in a significant fraction of patients. Asystole has been reported. Treatment with saline infusion and atropine alone is almost always successful.

A pooled analysis of the dysrhythmias occurring in 69 patients from 11 different studies and reports is presented. The pathophysiology, signs, symptoms, clinical course, and treatment of grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning are discussed. In the nineteenth century grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning was reported in Europe and North America. Currently, documented poisoning from locally produced honey in Europe or North America would be reportable. Possible reasons for this epidemiologic change are discussed.

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Mad honey
Poisoning

Suppressions

Honey

Commonsteps

References

PubMed