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The Effect of Swiss Ball Stabilization Exercise on Pain and Bone Mineral Density of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

Identifier

027711

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

J Phys Ther Sci. 2013 Aug; 25(8): 953–956.
Published online 2013 Aug 20. doi:  [10.1589/jpts..953]
PMCID: PMC3820231
PMID: 24259892
The Effect of Swiss Ball Stabilization Exercise on Pain and Bone Mineral Density of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain
Joo Soo Yoon, MS, PT,1 Jin Hwan Lee, MS, PT,1 and Jin Sang Kim, PhD, DVM1,*

 Abstract
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to carry out a 16-week treatment of lumbar stabilization exercise with a ball targeting patients with chronic low back pain and investigate its effect on alleviation of low back pain and bone mineral density.

[Subjects and Methods]

The subjects of this study were 36 patients who were diagnosed with chronic low back pain. They were divided into a conservative treatment group (CTG, n=12), floor exercise group (FEG, n=12), and ball exercise group (BEG, n=12). The degree of recovery from pain was looked into using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and DEXXUM T (OsteoSys, Seoul, Korea) which was used to observe the changes in bone mineral density.

[Result]

Although the VAS score was reduced in FEG and BEG with treatment, it was not reduced in CTG. Also, the bone mineral density was increased in FEG and BEG, while it was reduced in CTG.

[Conclusion]

Lumbar stabilization exercises using a ball are thought to be an effective interventional therapy for the alleviation of chronic low back pain and to increase bone mineral density of patients.


Key words: Chronic low back pain, Swiss ball exercise, Bone mineral density

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Backache

Suppressions

Exercising and keeping fit

Commonsteps

Medicine ball

References