The harmful effects of cardiovascular drugs
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Cardiol Rev. 2003 Mar-Apr;11(2):73-93.
Neuropsychiatric effects of cardiovascular drug therapy.
Keller S1, Frishman WH. 1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10595, USA.
Various cardiovascular drugs have been shown to have neuropsychiatric effects that can be harmful .. to patients.
As an example, both sedation and mental depression have been described in patients receiving centrally acting antihypertensive drugs and beta-adrenergic blockers, related to their antiadrenergic actions.
In contrast, because of these antiadrenergic actions, agents like clonidine have been used to treat opiate, alcohol, and nicotine withdrawal, while beta blockers have been used to treat symptoms of performance anxiety, migraine, and psychocardiac disorders [sic].
Some antiarrhythmic drugs have been associated with delirium, and digitalis toxicity has been shown to cause hallucinations, mania, euphoria, and depression. .....
Since neuropsychiatric symptoms are seen in patients with cardiovascular disease, clinicians should be aware of the possible relationship between these symptoms and concurrent cardiovascular drug therapy.
The source of the experiencePubMed
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Calcium channel blockers