The effects of adaptive working memory training and mindfulness meditation training on processing efficiency and worry in high worriers
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Behav Res Ther. 2016 Nov 10;89:1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2016.11.002. [Epub ahead of print]
The effects of adaptive working memory training and mindfulness meditation training on processing efficiency and worry in high worriers.
Course-Choi J1, Saville H1, Derakshan N2.
- 1Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK.
- 2Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Worry is the principle characteristic of generalised anxiety disorder, and has been linked to deficient attentional control, a main function of working memory (WM). Adaptive WM training and mindfulness meditation practice (MMP) have both shown potential to increase attentional control. The present study hence investigates the individual and combined effects of MMP and a dual adaptive n-back task on a non-clinical, randomised sample of high worriers. 60 participants were tested before and after seven days of training. Assessment included self-report questionnaires, as well as performance tasks measuring attentional control and working memory capacity. Combined training resulted in continued reduction in worry in the week after training, highlighting the potential of utilising n-back training as an adjunct to established clinical treatment. Engagement with WM training correlated with immediate improvements in attentional control and resilience, with worry decreasing over time. Implications of these findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.