Observations placeholder

David Lewis-Williams - Native American Indians - Rebirth and violence

Identifier

002057

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

Shaman fights out of body were not unknown

A description of the experience

The Mind in the Cave – David Lewis-Williams

An association of fighting with North American shamans is, for instance, suggested by the Yokuts term tsesas which means spirit helper, shaman’s talisman and stone knife. 

Moreover among some south central Californian groups the words for shaman, grizzly bear and murder were interchangeable. 

The potential violence of trance experience was manifest in the battles and fights that were sometimes seen by shamans in trance. 

In Native California rock art, people are shown shooting a symbolic arrow at others, and dangerous animals such as rattlesnakes and grizzly bears, are painted at many sites.  Most importantly, shamans are depicted bristling with weapons – bows arrows, atlatls, spears and knives.

The source of the experience

Native American Indians

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Spirit helper

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Frenetic exercise

Suppressions

Reverse REM

Commonsteps

Rattles

References