Shall we dance? Music as a port of entrance to maternal-infant intersubjectivity in a context of postnatal depression
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Infant Ment Health J. 2014 May-Jun;35(3):220-32. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21431. Epub 2014 Feb 5.
Shall we dance? Music as a port of entrance to maternal-infant intersubjectivity in a context of postnatal depression.
Van Puyvelde M1, Rodrigues H, Loots G, De Coster L, Du Ville K, Matthijs L, Simcock D, Pattyn N.
Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
The present study introduces the concept of a mother-infant group therapy that makes use of music, singing, and moving to establish maternal-infant intersubjectivity.
It was conducted in a residential mother-baby unit for mothers with postnatal depression and their infants over a 5-week period.
Maternal-infant intersubjectivity of four dyads in relation to the group dynamics were microanalyzed for Sessions 1 and 5. We made within-session (i.e., beginning-middle-end) and between-session (Session 1 vs. Session 5) comparisons for the number of intersubjectivity moments (ISMs), total time of intersubjectivity (IST), and the mean duration of ISMs on a dyadic (i.e., own mother/infant involved) and a nondyadic level (i.e., own mother/infant not involved). In addition, three ISM levels (degree of group contribution) were distinguished.
The results indicated a significant increase of ISMs/IST from Session 1 to Session 5. Within-session analyses showed that ISMs/IST significantly decreased through Session 1 and remained stable throughout Session 5. Intersubjectivity occurred mainly on ISM Level 1 during Session 1 and on ISM Level 3 during Session 5, suggesting increased dyadic autonomy and self-efficacy.
The results are discussed in relation to the musical characteristics of mother-infant dyads, music improvisation techniques, group processes, and intersubjective development.
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
Listening to music
Singing and humming