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Observations placeholder

Mudang spiritual experiences – The Mudang as the mouthpiece of the gods



Type of Spiritual Experience


A description of the experience

Korean Shamanist Ritual - Symbols and Dramas of Transformation - Daniel Kister

The popular understanding in Korea has it that a mudang speaks as the mouthpiece for a god or ancestral spirit in an ecstatic trance, that only then does she truly convey the god's words, and that otherwise she is a fake.

When a mudang speaks or acts in a trance, that fact in itself constitutes no proof that she speaks the words of a god or acts by divine power. On the other hand, when she does not speak or act in a trance, that fact constitutes no proof that her words or actions lack divine authority.

The truth of what she says in a kut may depend on inspiration received in a trance, but it may just as well be grounded in innate powers of intuition or in a sympathetic understanding for others gained through god-sent initiatory sufferings.

Moreover, even if a trance occurs more often in kut than I suggest, the force of what the mudang says often depends more on the excitement of the moment, on the ritual context, on the sign value of her own life as one set apart by the gods, and on the faith of participants than on ecstatic trance.

As Hamayon points out, too narrow a focus on a shaman's natural propensity to trance puts the more properly religious functions of Shamanism of any form into a secondary light and, indeed, makes it easy to belittle Shamanism as a degraded form of human activity (1993: 10, 17 -2O) .

The source of the experience

Korean mystic shamanism

Concepts, symbols and science items


Science Items

Activities and commonsteps