Observations placeholder

Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Pinus strobus L. (Pinaceae) -- Eastern White Pine, White Pine

Identifier

019038

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Pinus strobus L. (Pinaceae) -- Eastern White Pine, White Pine


Chemicals

3-BETA-METHOXY-14-SERRATEN-21-ON Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

ABIETIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap 265,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

Antifeedant 382 ; Protisticide DUKE1992B ; Schistosomicide JNP39:436

AMINO-ACIDS Leaf 4,530 ppm; HHB Seed 4,620 ppm; HHB

No activity reported.

ANTICOPALIC-ACID Leaf: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

CHRYSIN Wood: DUKE1992A

Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.08 ppm X11714299 IC50=8.19 uM X11714299 ; Antiaggregant DUKE1992B ; Antiallergic PAM ; Antiangiogenic X18593176 ; Antibacillary FT67:554 ; Antibacterial FT67:554 ; Anticonvulsant BP40:2227 ; Antiestrogenic; Antigout PIL ; Antiherpetic 40-75 ug/ml JNP55:1732 ; AntiHIV; Antihypertensive X18593176 ; Antileukemic >genistein X18076792 ; AntiMDR X17266043 ; Antimutagenic EMP6:235 ; Antiproliferant X18076792 X17250812 ; Antiproliferant (colon) MES ; Antisalmonella FT67:554 ; Antishigellic FT67:554 ; Antispasmodic BP40(10):2227 ; Antistaphylococcic FT67:554 ; Antistress JFM5:43 ; Antithrombic DUKE1992B ; Antitumor (Breast) X18593176 ; Antitumor (Colon); Antiviral 40-75 ug/ml JNP55:1732 ; Anxiolytic; Apoptotic X18331776 ; Aromatase-Inhibitor IC80=1 uM/l; Cancer-Preventive; Caspase-3-Inhibitor X18331776 ; Caspase-9-Inhibitor X18331776 ; CNS-Depressant JNP67:359 ; CYP1A1-Inhibitor X11752233 ; Cytotoxic >genistein X18076792 X18331776 ; DNA-Protective X11752233 ; Estrogenic X12224631 ; Fungicide 2.5 mM PC38:599 ; Hepatoprotective IC50=2.08 ppm X11714299 IC50=8.19 uM X11714299 ; Hypotensive X18593176 ; Hypouricemic PIL ; ICAM-1-Inhibitor X15322261 ; JNK-Inhibitor X15322261 ; MAO-Inhibitor X10813558 ; Mutagenic X11714299 ; Myorelaxant BP40:2227 ; NO-Genic X18593176 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Radioprotective X17473440 ; Termitifuge 382 ; Testosterogenic JFM5:43 ; Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor TIH14:223 ; Vasodilator PM67:567 ; Vasorelaxant X18593176 ; VEGF-Inhibitor X18593176 ; Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor PIL

CIS-ABIENOL Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

CONIFERIN Bark: JBH PCF

Herbicide IC90-95=1,000 uM TOX ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

CONIFERYL-ALCOHOL Bark: AYL JBH

Antiaggregant IC50=29 uM PR4(3):93 ; Antioxidant EC50=13-18 ug/ml JAF50:5850 ; Antiprostaglandin RWG27 ; Antiradicular JAF50:5850 ; Fungicide ED50=125 ug/ml 438 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

CRYPTOSTROBIN Wood: PCF

No activity reported.

DEHYDROABIETIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

Allergenic M&R ; Antifeedant 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Protisticide DUKE1992B ; Schistosomicide JNP39:420

DIHYDROPINOSYLVIN Bark: PCF

Antibacterial JBH ; Fungicide JBH ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

ELLIOTIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FAT Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

ISOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: HHB

Antifeedant 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

LAEVOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

LEUCOCYANIDIN Plant: DUKE1992A

Capillariprotective M11

MANOYOXIDE Bark: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

MUCILAGE Plant: AYL

Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Demulcent PJB1(2):279 ; Hypocholesterolemic GAZ

NEOABIETINIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

NUCLEIC-ACIDS Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PALUSTRIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: HHB

No activity reported.

PINOBANKSIN Wood: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PINOCEMBRIN Wood: DUKE1992A

Anesthetic PC29(5):1667 ; Antibacterial IC 3 ug/ml JBH ; Antileukemic DUKE1992B ; Antiseptic DUKE1992B ; Artemicide LC50=12 ppm PC29(5):1667 ; Candidicide IC 0.1-3 mg/ml JBH ; Cytotoxic ED50=21 DUKE1992B ; Fungicide PMP24:117 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

PINOMYRICETIN Bark: PCF

No activity reported.

PINOQUERCETIN Bark: PCF

No activity reported.

PINORESINOL Bark: PCF

Antioxidant (> tocopherol) PCF:139 ; cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor JBH

PINOSTROBIN Wood: PCF

Antiinflammatory JAF50:701 ; Aromatase-Inhibitor IC52=1 uM/l JMF2:235 ; COX-1-Inhibitor IC36=100 ug/ml JAF50:701 ; COX-2-Inhibitor IC7=100 ug/ml JAF50:701 ; Fungicide 2.5 mM PC38:599 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

PINOSYLVIN Bark: PCF

Antibacterial DUKE1992B ; Antifeedant JCE12:2117.86 ; Fungicide DUKE1992B ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Phytoalexin 450

PINOSYLVIN-MONOMETHYL-ESTER Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

SANDARACOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

Juvabional 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

STROBAL Bark: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

STROBIC-ACID Plant: JSG

No activity reported.

STROBINIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

STROBOL Bark: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

STROBOPININ Wood: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TECTOCHRYSIN Wood: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TRANS-ABIENOL Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

The source of the experience

Dr Dukes plant database

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Suppressions

Pine nuts
Pines

Commonsteps

References

382: Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.

438: Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.

450: Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.

525: Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.

AYL: Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.

BP40(10):2227: Biochem Pharmacol, 40(10): 2227.

BP40:2227: Jim Duke's personal files

DUKE1992A: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

DUKE1992B: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of biologically active phytochemicals and their activities. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

EMP6:235: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.

FT67:554: Jim Duke's personal files

GAZ: Jim Duke's personal files

HHB: List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.

JAF50:5850: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF50:701: Jim Duke's personal files

JBH: Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.

JCE12:2117.86: Jim Duke's personal files

JFM5:43: Jim Duke's personal files

JMF2:235: Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.

JNP39:420: Farnsworth, N.R. and Cordell, G.A. A Review of Some Biologically Active Compounds Isolated From Plants as Reported in the 1974-1975 Literature. J. Nat. Prod. 39: 420, 1976.

JNP39:436: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP55:1732: Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.

JNP67:359: Jim Duke's personal files

JSG: J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.

M&R: Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.

M11: Merck 11th Edition

MES: Jim Duke's personal files

PAM: Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).

PC29(5):1667: Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.

PC38:599: Geibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.

PCF: Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.

PCF:139: Jim Duke's personal files

PIL: Jim Duke's personal files

PJB1(2):279: Jim Duke's personal files

PM67:567: Jim Duke's personal files

PMP24:117: Jim Duke's personal files

PR4(3):93: Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.

RWG27: Jim Duke's personal files

TIH14:223: Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.

TOX: Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.

X10813558: Jim Duke's personal files

X11714299: Jim Duke's personal files

X11752233: Jim Duke's personal files

X12224631: Jim Duke's personal files

X15322261: Jim Duke's personal files

X17250812: Jim Duke's personal files

X17266043: Jim Duke's personal files

X17473440: Jim Duke's personal files

X18076792: Jim Duke's personal files

X18331776: Jim Duke's personal files

X18593176: Jim Duke's personal files

ppm = parts per million
tr = trace