Observations placeholder

Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Pinus palustris MILLER (Pinaceae) -- Longleaf Pine

Identifier

019041

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Pinus palustris MILLER (Pinaceae) -- Longleaf Pine


Chemicals

3-CARENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL JBH

No activity reported.

ABIETIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Antifeedant 382 ; Protisticide DUKE1992B ; Schistosomicide JNP39:436

ALPHA-PINENE Resin, Exudate, Sap 128,600 - 160,750 ppm GEO JBH

Allelochemic DUKE1992B ; Allergenic M&R523 ; Antiacne JAR12:99 ; Antibacterial; Antifeedant JAF45:3276 ; Antiflu EMP5:195 ; Antiinflammatory 500 mg/kg; Antipneumonic X16248573 ; Antiseptic X16248573 ; Antispasmodic; Antistaphylococcic X16248573 ; Antiviral EMP5:195 ; Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Coleoptophile DUKE1992B ; Expectorant MIK ; FLavor FEMA 15-150 ARC ; Herbicide IC50=30 uM TOX ; Insecticide 0.82 uM/fly JAF50:4576 ; Insectifuge 50 ppm; Insectiphile JSPR22:141 ; Irritant JBH ; P450-2B1-Inhibitor IC50=0.087 uM X9242356 ; Perfumery ARC ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Sedative LRN-JUN90 ; Spasmogenic; Tranquilizer LRN-JUN90 ; Transdermal X7199340

BETA-MYRCENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Perfumery M11

BETA-PHELLANDRENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Expectorant JBH ; Fungicide HH2 ; Perfumery M11

BETA-PINENE Resin, Exudate, Sap 63,600 - 79,500 ppm GEO

Allergenic M&R618 ; Antiinflammatory FT63(1):3 ; Antiseptic LAF ; Antispasmodic; Candidicide LAF337 ; FLavor FEMA 15-600 ARC ; Herbicide TOX ; Insectifuge 382 ; Irritant ZEB ; Perfumery ARC ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Spasmogenic CAN ; Transdermal X10408241

CAMPHENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Allelopathic CWW ; Antilithic? JBH ; Antioxidant JA6(4):33 ; Expectorant HH2 ; FLavor FEMA 15-175 ARC ; Hypocholesterolemic? JBH ; Insectifuge 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Spasmogenic FT59:465

DEHYDROABIETIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Allergenic M&R ; Antifeedant 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Protisticide DUKE1992B ; Schistosomicide JNP39:420

DIPENTENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Allergenic M&R618 ; Antibacterial LAF ; Antiviral LAF ; Expectorant JBH ; Irritant JBH ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Sedative JBH

EO Leaf 4,000 ppm; CRC Resin, Exudate, Sap 200,000 - 250,000 ppm GEO

No activity reported.

ISODEXTROPIMARINAL Plant: JSG

No activity reported.

ISOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Antifeedant 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

LAEVOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

No activity reported.

NEOABIETIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Antifeedant 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Protisticide DUKE1992B ; Schistosomicide DUKE1992B

NORTRACHELOGENIN Stem: JBH

No activity reported.

P-CYMENE Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Analgesic MAR ; Antiacetylcholinesterase IC40=1.2 mM JAF45:677 ; Antibacillary X10826719 ; Antibacterial JE26:74 ; Antiflu DUKE1992B ; Antirheumatalgic MAR ; Antiviral DUKE1992B ; FLavor FEMA 12-250 ARC ; Fungicide TOX ; Herbicide IC50=50 uM TOX ; Insectifuge HH3 ; Irritant ZEB ; Laxative ZEB ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Sedative ZEB ; Trichomonicide LD100=50 ug/ml FT67:279

PALUSTRIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

No activity reported.

PIMARIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

SANDARACOPIMARIC-ACID Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

Juvabional 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

SITOSTEROL Resin, Exudate, Sap: AYL

No activity reported.

The source of the experience

Dr Dukes plant database

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Suppressions

Pine nuts
Pines

Commonsteps

References

382: Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.

525: Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.

ARC: Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry Note: Most ARC numerical data were in mg/dl. I know of no other plant where zinc is more prevalent than other minerals and protein. These data should be viewed as suspect.

AYL: Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.

CAN: Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.

CRC: CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses

CWW: Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.

DUKE1992A: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

DUKE1992B: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of biologically active phytochemicals and their activities. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

EMP5:195: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.

FT59:465: Fitoterapia No.59-1984.

FT63(1):3: Jim Duke's personal files

FT67:279: Jim Duke's personal files

GEO: Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.

HH2: Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

HH3: Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

JA6(4):33: Jim Duke's personal files.

JAF45:3276: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF45:677: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF50:4576: Jim Duke's personal files

JAR12:99: Jim Duke's personal files

JBH: Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.

JE26:74: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP39:420: Farnsworth, N.R. and Cordell, G.A. A Review of Some Biologically Active Compounds Isolated From Plants as Reported in the 1974-1975 Literature. J. Nat. Prod. 39: 420, 1976.

JNP39:436: Jim Duke's personal files

JSG: J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.

JSPR22:141: J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.

LAF: Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.

LAF337: Jim Duke's personal files

LRN-JUN90: Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.

M&R: Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.

M&R523: Jim Duke's personal files

M&R618: Jim Duke's personal files

M11: Merck 11th Edition

MAR: Martindale's 28th

MIK: Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.

TOX: Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.

X10408241: Jim Duke's personal files

X10826719: Jim Duke's personal files

X16248573: Jim Duke's personal files

X7199340: Jim Duke's personal files

X9242356: Jim Duke's personal files

ZEB: Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.

ppm = parts per million
tr = trace