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Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Gloriosa superba L. (Liliaceae) -- Glory Lily

Identifier

018893

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Gloriosa superba L. (Liliaceae) -- Glory Lily


Chemicals

2-DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antitubulin IC50=3.7 uM JNP53(4):1022

2-DEMETHYLLUMICOLCHICINE Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

3-DESMETHYLCOLCHICINE Leaf: DUKE1992A

Anticarcinomic ED50=24 ppb DUKE1992B ; Antileukemic DUKE1992B

6-METHOXY-SALICYLIC-ACID Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

BENZOIC-ACID Bulb: DUKE1992A

Allergenic MAR ; Anesthetic DUKE1992B ; Antibacterial 33-1,250 ppm JNP49:5750 MBC=800 ug/ml JNP49:5750 ; Antiotitic MAR ; Antipyretic DUKE1992B ; Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml JNP49:5750 ; Antiseptic 800 ug/ml; Antiyeast MFC=1,600 ug/ml JAF50:3992 ; Choleretic JBH ; Expectorant DUKE1992B ; FLavor FEMA 250 ARC ; Fungicide MFC=1,600 ug/ml; Insectifuge 382 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Phytoalexin JBH ; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=640 uM JAF51:2837 ID50=710 uM JAF50:1400 ; Uricosuric DUKE1992B ; Vulnerary JE26:82

BETA-LUMICOLCHICONE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

CHOLINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day; Antichoreic DAS ; Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day DUKE1992B ; Anticystinuric DUKE1992B ; Antidementia PJB1(1):171 ; Antidiabetic DUKE1992B ; Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/day MAR ; Antihomocysteine SN160:282 ; Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orl PAM ; Antinociceptive X579998 ; Antisteatotic JN133:1302 ; Cardiodepressant SN160:282 ; Cerebrotonic SN160:282 ; Cholinergic CAN ; Hepatoprotective JN127:893S ; Hypotensive DUKE1992B ; Ileorelaxant FT1990:509 ; Lipotropic JE26:86 ; Memorigenic SN160:282 ; Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine) HDN

CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antispasmodic FT57:271.1986 ; Calcium-Antagonist K10848 ; Fungicide DUKE1992B ; Keratitigenic M&R ; Occuloirritant M&R ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

COLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antiamyloidosic M29 ; Antiarthritic DUKE1992B ; Antibacterial DUKE1992B ; AntiBehcet's MAR ; Anticirrhotic 1-2 mg/man/day MAR ; Antidermatitic M29 ; Antierythemic M29 ; Antiherpetic EMP5:200 ; AntiHIV EC50=0.01 uM JNP54:632 ; Antiinflammatory JNP54:632 ; Antileukemic 411 ; Antimalarial 500 ug/10x/day/man MAR ; Antimelanomic ED50=0.18 ug/ml JE32:117 ; Antimeningitic 500 ug/2x/man/day MAR ; Antimitotic 2 mg/kg scu mus BBE ; AntiPaget's 600 ug/3x/day/man M29 ; Antipericarditis 500-1,000 ug/man/day DUKE1992B ; Antipodagric 3-6mg man/day/ MAR ; Antipolyserositic 500-600 ug/2-3 x day/man/ MAR ; Antipsoriac MAR ; Antipyretic DUKE1992B ; Antirheumatic 411 ; Antisarcomic ED50=0.047 ug/ml JE32:117 ; Antithrombocytopenic 600 ug/2-4x/man/day M29 ; Antitrypanosomic NIG ; Antitubulin IC50=2.4 uM JNP53(4):1023 ; Antitumor (Breast) ED50=0.022 ug/ml JE32:117 ; Antitumor (Colon) ED50=0.0071 ug/ml JE32:117 ; Antitumor (Lung) ED50=0.043 ug/ml JE32:117 ; Antivasculitic 600 ug/2x/man/day M29 ; Carcinogenic JBH ; Cardioactive 15 mg/kg scu rbt BBE ; CNS-Paralytic DUKE1992B ; CNS-Stimulant DUKE1992B ; Cytotoxic IC50=0.018 uM JNP54:632 ; Emetic 52 ; Hepatoprotective PMP24:111 ; Hypertensive DUKE1992B ; Irritant JBH ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Purgative DUKE1992B ; Respiradepressant DUKE1992B ; Sympathomimetic DUKE1992B ; Uricosuric DUKE1992B

DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

GAMMA-RESORCYLIC-ACID-MONOMETHYL-ETHER Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

GLORIOSINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

GLORIOSOL Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

GLUCOSE Bulb: DUKE1992A

Acetylcholinergic DUKE1992B ; Antiedemic JBH ; Antihepatotoxic M11 ; Antiketotic M11 ; Antivaricose JBH ; Hyperglycemic M11 ; Memory-Enhancer SN138:189.1990

LUMICOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

N-FORMYL-DESACETYL-BETA-LUMICOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

N-FORMYL-DESACETYL-GAMMA-LUMICOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

N-FORMYL-DESACETYLCOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antitumor DUKE1992B

O-DESMETHYL-N-FORMYL-DESACETYL-BETA-LUMICOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

O-DESMETHYLLUMICOLCHICINE Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHYTOSTEROLS Plant: DUKE1992A

Antiprostatotic; Hypocholesterolemic MPP

SALICYLIC-ACID Bulb: DUKE1992A

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 724.6 uM PR7:252 ; Analgesic; Antiarthritic MAD ; Antibacterial MAR ; Antidandruff ALH ; Antidermatotic DUKE1992B ; Antieczemic DUKE1992B ; Antiichthyosic M29 ; Antiinflammatory PHZ46:156 ; Antineuralgic MAD ; Antioncychomycotic M29 ; Antioxidant KCH ; Antiperiodic DUKE1992B ; Antipodagric DUKE1992B ; Antipsoriac DUKE1992B ; Antipyretic DUKE1992B ; Antirheumatic PJB1(2):285 ; Antiseborrheic DUKE1992B ; Antiseptic ALH ; Antitumor PCF:49 ; Antitympanitic M11 ; Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Comedolytic M29 ; COX-2-Inhibitor COX2000 ; Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor PCF:49 ; Dermatitigenic JBH ; Fungicide MIC 1,000 ug/ml FFJ11:257 ; Hypoglycemic EMP6:158 ; Insectifuge EB48:111 ; Keratolytic JBH ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Thermogenic 130 ppm SCI237:1601 ; Tineacide M29 ; Ulcerogenic DUKE1992B

SITOSTEROL Bulb: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

STARCH Bulb: DUKE1992A

Absorbent M29 ; Antidote (Iodine) JBH ; Antinesidioblastosic M29 ; Emollient M29 ; Poultice M29

STIGMASTEROL Bulb: DUKE1992A

Antihepatotoxic DUKE1992B ; Antiinflammatory LRN1995 ; Antinociceptive PR14:401 ; Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr mus EMP5:363 ; Antioxidant IC33=10 uM JMF5:1 ; Antiviral PS75:161 ; Artemicide LC50=110 ppm PC29(5):1667 ; Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Estrogenic; Hypocholesterolemic NIG ; Ovulant DUKE1992B ; Sedative PM6:499.1986

The source of the experience

Dr Dukes plant database

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Suppressions

Glory Lily

Commonsteps

References

382: Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.

411: Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.

52: Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.

525: Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.

ALH: A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.

ARC: Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry Note: Most ARC numerical data were in mg/dl. I know of no other plant where zinc is more prevalent than other minerals and protein. These data should be viewed as suspect.

BBE: Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.

CAN: Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.

COX2000: Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.

DAS: Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.

DUKE1992A: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

DUKE1992B: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of biologically active phytochemicals and their activities. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

EB48:111: Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.

EMP5:200: Jim Duke's personal files

EMP5:363: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.

EMP6:158: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.

FFJ11:257: Jim Duke's personal files

FT1990:509: Jim Duke's personal files

FT57:271.1986: Jim Duke's personal files

HDN: Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.

JAF50:1400: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF50:3992: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF51:2837: Jim Duke's personal files

JBH: Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.

JE26:82: Jim Duke's personal files

JE26:86: Jim Duke's personal files

JE32:117: J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 117.

JMF5:1: Jim Duke's personal files

JN127:893S: Jim Duke's personal files

JN133:1302: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP49:5750: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP53(4):1022: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP53(4):1023: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP54:632: Jim Duke's personal files

K10848: Jim Duke's personal files

KCH: Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.

LRN1995: Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995

M&R: Mitchell, J. and Rook, A.J. 1923. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, 1979. xiii, 787 p.: ill.

M11: Merck 11th Edition

M29: Martindale's 29th

MAD: Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.

MAR: Martindale's 28th

MPP: Jim Duke's personal files

NIG: Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.

PAM: Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).

PC29(5):1667: Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.

PCF:49: Jim Duke's personal files

PHZ46:156: Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.

PJB1(1):171: Jim Duke's personal files

PJB1(2):285: Jim Duke's personal files

PM6:499.1986: Jim Duke's personal files

PMP24:111: Jim Duke's personal files

PR14:401: Jim Duke's personal files

PR7:252: Toyomizu, M., Sugiyama, S., Jin, R. L., Nakatsu, T. 1993. Alpha-Glucosidase and Aldose Reductase Inhibitors: Constituents of Cashew, Anacardium occidentale, Nut Shell Liquids. Phytotherapy Research, 7(3): 252-254.

PS75:161: Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.

SCI237:1601: Jim Duke's personal files

SN138:189.1990: Science News, 138: 189, 1990.

SN160:282: Jim Duke's personal files

X579998: Jim Duke's personal files

ppm = parts per million
tr = trace

 

Fri Nov 6 10:17:20 EST 2015