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Benefits and Enjoyment of a Swimming Intervention for Youths With Cerebral Palsy: An RCT Study

Identifier

023242

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Pediatr Phys Ther. 2016 Summer;28(2):162-9. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000235.

Benefits and Enjoyment of a Swimming Intervention for Youth With Cerebral Palsy: An RCT Study.

Declerck M1, Verheul M, Daly D, Sanders R.

  • 1Institute of Sport, Physical Education and Health Sciences (Drs Declerck and Verheul), University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom; Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences (Dr Daly), KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Faculty of Health Sciences (Dr Sanders), The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate enjoyment and specific benefits of a swimming intervention for youth with cerebral palsy (CP).

METHODS:

Fourteen youths with CP (aged 7 to 17 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I to III) were randomly assigned to control and swimming groups. Walking ability, swimming skills, fatigue, and pain were assessed at baseline, after a 10-week swimming intervention (2/week, 40-50 minutes) or control period, after a 5-week follow-up and, for the intervention group, after a 20-week follow-up period. The level of enjoyment of each swim-session was assessed.

RESULTS:

Levels of enjoyment were high. Walking and swimming skills improved significantly more in the swimming than in the control group (P = .043; P = .002, respectively), whereas fatigue and pain did not increase. After 20 weeks, gains in walking and swimming skills were retained (P = .017; P = .016, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

We recommend a swimming program for youths with CP to complement a physical therapy program.

PMID:  26871379

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Cerebral palsy

Suppressions

Exercising and keeping fit
Warmth

Commonsteps

References