Antileishmanial activity of Ferula assa-foetida oleo gum resin against Leishmania major: An in vitro study
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2014 Oct-Dec;5(4):223-6. doi: 10.4103/0975-9476.146567.
Antileishmanial activity of Ferula assa-foetida oleo gum resin against Leishmania major: An in vitro study.
Bafghi AF1, Bagheri SM2, Hejazian SH2.
In Ayurveda, asafetida is introduced as a valuable remedy for flatulence, hysteria, nervous disorders, whooping cough, pneumonia and bronchitis in children and also considered as an aphrodisiac agent. Presently, Leishmaniasis is common in most countries of the world and is a serious health problem in the world. Some plant medicines and natural products have a new candidate for treatment of leishmaniasis.
This study was designed to evaluate Ferula assa-foetida oleo gum resin (asafetida) on mortality and morbidity Leishmania major in vitro.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Mostigotes were isolated from mice spleens and then transformed to promastigotes in Novy-Nicolle-Mac Neal (NNN medium supplemented with penicillin (100 U/ml), streptomycin (100 μg/ml) and 20% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (FCS) at 25°C. A fixed initial density of the parasites was transferred to screw-capped vials containing 5 ml of RPMI1640 media to which different concentrations of 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 μg asafetida were added and each concentration was done in triplicates. Each run also included control. The mortality of parasitoids was measured by the slide and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods.
After 72 h, asafetida inhibited growth of parasites in all doses in stationary and logarithmic phases. The ELISA measurement suggested that the viability of parasites significantly decreased after 48h (P < 0.05).
The results show that asafetida could prevent from growth and viability of parasites and this oleo gum resin can be useful for treatment of leishmaniasis.
Asafetida; Ferula assa-foetida; Leishmania major; antileishmanial effect