A Structure-Function Relationship Among Reserpine and Yohimbine Analogues in Their Ability to Increase Expression of MDR1 and P-Glycoprotein in a Human Colon Carcinoma Cell Line
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Mol Pharmacol. 1995 Oct;48(4):682-9.
A structure-function relationship among reserpine and yohimbine analogues in their ability to increase expression of mdr1 and P-glycoprotein in a human colon carcinoma cell line.
Bhat UG1, Winter MA, Pearce HL, Beck WT.
1Department of Molecular Pharmacology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38101, USA.
We previously showed that there is a structure-function relationship among reserpine and yohimbine analogues in their ability to inhibit the function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and reverse multidrug resistance (MDR). Because some P-gp inhibitors (e.g., verapamil and nifedipine) can increase mdr1 and P-gp expression in human colon carcinoma cell lines, we used our reserpine/yohimbine analogues to determine whether there was a structural requirement for this induction. We found that 10 microM reserpine increased both mdr1 and P-gp expression by 4-10-fold in 48 hr in a human colon carcinoma cell line that expresses moderate levels of mdr1 (LS180-Ad50) but not in several other cell lines that expressed no mdr1. The reserpine/yohimbine analogues rescinnamine, trimethoxybenzoylyohimbine, and LY191401 (compound G), all of which contain the three structural elements used to describe the MDR pharmacophore, also increased both mdr1 and P-gp expression significantly. Despite some exceptions, we found that there was a good association between the ability of these analogues to induce mdr1 and P-gp expression and their ability to reverse vinblastine and doxorubicin resistance, revealing a structure-function relationship for this phenomenon. The increased P-gp expressed by these cells appeared to be functional, as determined by flow cytometric detection of rhodamine 123 retention. The increased expression was suppressed by 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole, an RNA synthesis inhibitor, whereas the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide enhanced the expression several-fold, suggesting that induction of mdr1 by these analogues is regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).