Turn off the TV and dance!
Type of spiritual experience
A description of the experience
Ethn Dis. 2013 Autumn;23(4):452-61.
Turn off the TV and dance! Participation in culturally tailored health interventions: implications for obesity prevention among Mexican American girls.
Azevedo KJ1, Mendoza S2, Fernández M2, Haydel KF2, Fujimoto M2, Tirumalai EC2, Robinson TN2.
- 1Solutions Science Lab, Division of General Pediatrics & Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Medical School Office Building, 1265 Welch Road, X129, Stanford, CA 94305-5415, USA. Dr.KathrynAzevedo@gmail.com
- 2Solutions Science Lab, Division of General Pediatrics & Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Medical School Office Building, 1265 Welch Road, X129, Stanford, CA 94305-5415, USA.
Our evaluation study identifies facilitators and barriers to participation among families participating in the treatment arm of Stanford ECHALE. This culturally tailored obesity prevention trial consisted of a combined intervention with two main treatment components:
1) a folkloric dance program; and
2) a screen time reduction curriculum
designed for 7-11 year old Latinas and their families. We conducted 83 interviews (40 parents and 43 girls) in participant homes after 6 months of enrollment in the ECHALE trial. The Spradley ethnographic method and NVivo 8.0 were used to code and analyze narrative data. Three domains emerged for understanding participation:
1) family cohesiveness;
2) perceived gains; and
3) culturally relevant program structure.
Two domains emerged for non-participation: program requirements and perceived discomforts. Non-parametric, Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the relationships with participant attendance data. Sustained participation was most strongly influenced by the domain perceived gains when parents reported better self-esteem, confidence, improved attitude, improved grades, etc. (Spearman r = .45, P = .003).
Alternatively, under the domain, perceived discomforts, with subthemes such as child bullying, participation in the combined intervention was inversely associated with attendance (Spearman r = -.38, P = .02).
Family-centered, school-based, community obesity prevention programs that focus on tangible short-term gains for girls may generate greater participation rates, enhance social capital, and promote community empowerment. These factors can be emphasized in future obesity prevention program design and implementation.