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Automatic writing or psychography is writing produced whilst in a trance or semi-hypnotised condition, in which the person does not control the writing implement or its movement across the paper – either because they are not conscious or are only semi-conscious.
The words may be legible or not. Hélène Smith, for example, was able to perform automatic writing whilst in a semi-trance, but the result was meaningless. Théodore Flouroy described her actions in From India to the Planet Mars. Thus the automatic writing ability was real, but where the end result came from was a mystery - she decided that the writing must be "Martian" in origin.
Théodore Flournoy was a Psychology professor, and concluded that her "Martian" language had a strong resemblance to Ms. Smith's native language of French and that her automatic writing was "romances of the subliminal imagination, derived largely from forgotten sources (for example, books read as a child)." But why dismiss this? This is where stories, poems and buried perceptions are found – a whole realm of creativity may be aroused via this method, as such Professor Flournoy was being, shall we say, a little premature in poo-pooing an approach that could have enormous potential use.
George Hyde-Lees, on the other hand – or Georgie - the wife of William Butler Yeats could write automatically and everything written made sense. She went into a semi-trance state too.
Automatic writing was reported by Hyppolyte Taine in the preface to the third edition of his "De l'intelligence", published in 1878. And when Fernando Pessoa described what it was like to write automatically he said that he felt "owned by something else", sometimes feeling a sensation in the right arm which he claimed was lifted into the air without his will.
The existence of writing automatically in trance and semi-trance states is thus real, but the question then is – where does the information come from?
- The subconscious of the writer - As we saw with Ms Smith, the sceptics and the scientists say it comes ‘from the subconscious’, but even if it does, this makes it exceptionally useful and interesting as a means of getting at buried perceptions.
- People present and their perceptions - There are some cases where the person is getting the information from the people with them, although they may not realise it. In effect, this is inter-composer communication. In a group where belief is strong, people will be very open to inter-composer communication and it is much easier for a person with ‘mediumistic tendencies’ to simply pick up what is strongest in people’s perceptions and write it down.
- Spirit helpers [or non helpers!] - But there are examples where the information is completely outside the understanding of any of the people present. W B Yeats wrote a book on his wife’s experiences and was struggling to make sense of them to the very end. In this case it may still be inter-composer communication but with spirit helpers – disembodied or bodied.
Arthur Conan Doyle in his book The New Revelation (1918) wrote that he believed automatic writing occurs either by the writer's subconscious or by external spirits operating through the writer. The Surrealist poet Robert Desnos claimed he was among the most gifted in automatic writing – his poems derive from this approach and he put it all down to external agents providing him with the inspiration.
Generally speaking automatic writing “may take place by the writer passively holding a pencil or pen on a sheet of paper”.
The action is not the same as that when using a planchette, or a 'ouija board'. In these cases more than one person may be needed to get the pointer used to move. For reasons we are unable to fathom, both these latter methods also seem to attract the more unsavoury spirits, who not only do not tell the truth, but do their level best to upset the participants.
- Pessoa, Fernando (1999), Correspondência 1905-1922
- Arthur Conan Doyle The New Revelation 2010 Reprint Edition, p. 47
- Sue Lim Good Spirits, Bad Spirits: How to Distinguish Between Them 2002,
- Erickson, Milton H; Hershman, Seymour: Secter, Irving I. (2014). The Practical Application of Medical and Dental Hypnosis.
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- Abbot Garo, five or six ‘elderly and respectable priests’ and the teacher Didelot witness automatic writing – in Latin
- Aubert, Georges – 02 Second Epoch – 06 Miss D and automatic writing
- Aubert, Georges – 03 Third Epoch – 16 An extremely curious incident at Madame la Comtese P... W...involving Berlioz
- Automatic writing and automatic drawing – a letter from Comfort to Mrs Newton Crosland
- Barker, Elsa - Communication from Mr X
- Barker, Elsa - Communication from X and automatic writing
- Desnos, Robert - Les Espaces du Sommeil
- Desnos, Robert - Avec le cœur du chêne
- Desnos, Robert - Cascade
- Desnos, Robert - Chantefleurs et Chantefables
- Desnos, Robert - Demain
- Desnos, Robert - Dimanche poétique
- Desnos, Robert - Dove In The Arch
- Desnos, Robert - Ebony life
- Desnos, Robert - Epitaph
- Desnos, Robert - Fairy tale
- Desnos, Robert - Identity Of Images (Identite des Images)
- Desnos, Robert - If You Only Knew
- Desnos, Robert - Il était une feuille
- Desnos, Robert - Jadis une sirène
- Desnos, Robert - J’ai tant rêvé de toi
- Desnos, Robert - Long, long ago
- Desnos, Robert - No, Love Is Not Dead
- Desnos, Robert - ô douleurs de l'amour !
- Desnos, Robert - Ô Jeunesse
- Desnos, Robert - Ring of stars
- Desnos, Robert - Skysong
- Desnos, Robert - Under cover of night
- Dr Minot Judson Savage - Can Telepathy Explain ? – 05 Spirit communication
- Dr Minot Judson Savage - Can Telepathy Explain ? – 08 George Canning remote viewing out of body
- Dr Minot Judson Savage - Can Telepathy Explain ? – 09 An Agnostic's Experience of automatic writing
- Dr Minot Judson Savage - Can Telepathy Explain ? – Experiences Of A Famous Naturalist , communication from a spirit brother
- Indriðason, Indriði – Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research Vol 57 – 02 Automatic writing
- Indriðason, Indriði – Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research Vol 57 – 26 – Automatic writing by a ghostly hand
- Janet, Pierre - Névroses et les idées fixes (On neuroses and fixed ideas), - Subliminal memory
- MacLaine, Shirley - The Gifts and Prophecies of Maria
- Macmillan reads perceptions
- Madame d’Esperance - Shadow Land - 12 Automatic writing experiments
- Manning, Matthew - The Link - 30 Automatic drawing experiments overview
- Mrs Holland - Receiving messages and poems via automatic writing
- Pelley, William Dudley - Seven Minutes in Eternity With Their Aftermath 12
- Prince Emile de Sayn de Wittgenstein - Reincarnation, past lives and possession
- Rosalind Heywood - Cross-Correspondences (1)
- Rosalind Heywood - Cross-Correspondences (2)
- Savage, Dr Minot Judson - Psychics : facts and theories – 21 Automatically writing to his dead friend
- Sir Edward Marshall Hall - Automatic forewarning of his brother’s death via automatic writing
- Sir William Barrett FRS - Proof of Supernormal Messages - The Chatham Case
- Sir William Barrett FRS - Proof of Supernormal Messages – Communications from beyond the grave
- Sir William Barrett FRS - Proof of Supernormal Messages – Mrs. Holland's Scripts
- Sophia Elizabeth De Morgan – The jigsaw pattern and symbolism of automatic writing & drawing
- Stainton-Moses, William - Spirit Identity - USING AUTOMATIC WRITING
- The Dangers of Communicating with ‘spirits’ via Automatic writing
- The use of hypnosis in a deaf patient with multiple personality disorder
- Through the Looking Glass - Ch 01 - 2 Making memorandums
- Verrall, Margaret - Automatic writing
- Verrall, Margaret - Has a prophetic insight via automatic writing
- Verrall, Margaret – A Comparison of the Myers Communicators
- Wereide, Professor Thorstein - The Trance Phenomena of Mrs Ingeborg
- Wushu - An illiterate man writes in a trance state
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - 1 On death
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - 2 Meditation
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - 3 Dreaming back
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - 4 Shifting
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - Civilisation is hooped together
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - Many times man lives and dies
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - On masks
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - Roles
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - The cones and the diamond
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - The Phases of the Moon
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - The song will have it
- Yeats, Georgie - A Vision - Twas said that she all shapes could wear