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Berlioz - Messe des morts [Requiem]

Identifier

021206

Type of spiritual experience

Background

Messe des morts [Requiem]

Berlioz had to battle his whole life with criticism and incomprehension.   He composed the opera Benvenuto Cellini in 1836, for example, based on Cellini's own autobiography. He was to spend much effort and money in the following decades trying to have it performed successfully. Benvenuto Cellini was premiered at the Paris Opéra on 10 September, but was a failure due to a hostile audience.

One of his most enduring pieces followed Benvenuto Cellini—the Grande messe des morts, first performed at Les Invalides in December 1836. Its gestation too was difficult; because it was a state-commissioned work, much bureaucracy had to be endured. There was also opposition from Luigi Cherubini, who was at the time the music director of the Paris Conservatoire. Cherubini felt that a government-sponsored commission should have been offered to himself rather than the young Berlioz, who was considered an eccentric.

Berlioz considered his Requiem his best work:

"If I were threatened with the destruction of the whole of my works save one, I should crave mercy for the Messe des morts."

A description of the experience

H. BERLIOZ, 'Grande Messe Des Mortes' (Requiem Mass) Opus 5, H.75, Sir COLIN DAVIS

 

Performers:
Singakademie Dresden
Chor der Dresden Staatsoper
Dresden Symphony Chorus
Staatkapelle Dresden
Solos: Keith Ikaia-Purdy, tenor

INTROITUM
00:01/ I. REQUIEM ÆTERNAM . KYRIE
Requiem æternam dona eis Domine.
et lux perpetua luceat eis
Te decet hymnus Deus in Sion
et tibi reddetur votum in Jerusalem
Exaudi orationem mean
ad te omnis caro veniet
Kyrie eleison
Christe eleison
Kyrie eleison

SECUENTIA
11:30/ II. DIES IRÆ dies illa
Dies iræ dies illa
Solvet sæclum in favilla
Teste David cum Sibylla
Quantus tremor est futurus
Quando judex est venturus
Cuncta stricte discussurus

17:08/ TUBA MIRUM spargens sonum
Per sepulcra regionum
Coget omnes ante thronum
Mors supebit et natura
Cum resurget creatura
Judicanti responsura
Liber scriptus proferetur
In quo totum continetur
Unde mundus judicetur
Jundex ergo cum sedebit
Quidquid latet apparebit
Nil inultum remanebit

24:39/ III. QUID SUM MISER tunc dicturus
Quid sum miser tune dicturus
Quem patronum rogaturus
Cum vix justus sit securus
Recordare Jesu pie
Quod sum causa tuæ viæ
Ne me perdas illa die
Oro supplex et acclinis
Cor contritum quasi cinis

27:45/ IV. REX TREMENDÆ MAJESTATIS
Rex tremendæ majestatis
Quid salvandos salvas gratis
Salva me fons pietatis
Recordare Jesu pie
Quod sum causa tuæ viæ
Ne me perdas illa die
Confutatis maledictis (Jesu)
Flammis acribus addictis
Voca me
Et de profundo lacu
Libera me de ore leonis
Ne cadam in obscurum
Ne absorbeat me Tartarus

34:21/ V. QUÆRENS ME sedisti lassus
Quærens me sedisti lassus
Redemisti crucem passus
Tantus labor non sit cassus
Juste judex ultionis
Donum fac remissionis
Ante diem rationis
Ingemisco tanquam reus
Supplicanti parce, Deus
Preces meae non sunjt dignae
Sed tu bonus fac benigne
Ne perenni cremer igne
Quid Mariam absolvisti
Et latronem exaudisti
Mihi quoque spem dedisti
Inter oves locum præsta
Et abe hædis me sequestra
Statuiens in parte dextra

39:18/ VI. LACRYMOSA dies illa
Lacrymosa dies illa
Qua resurget ex favilla
Judicandus homo reus
Pie Jesu Domine
Dona eis requiem æternam

OFFERTORIUM
49:53/ VII. DOMINO JESU CHRISTE Rex gloriæ
Domine Jesu Christe Rex gloriæ
libera animas omnium
fidelium defunctorum de pœnis
inferni et de profundo lacu
Et signifer sanctus Michæl
repræsentat eas in lucem
sanctam quam olim Abrahæ
promisisti et semini eius
Domine Jesu Christe Amen

1:00:33/ VIII. HOSTIAS ET PRECES tibi Domine
Hostias et preces tibi laudis
offerimus Suscipe pro animabus
illis quarum hodie memoriam
facimus

1:04:14/ IX. SANCTUS (solo tenor, Keith Ikaia-Purdy)
Santus Sanctus Sanctus Deus Sabæth
Pleni sunt cœli et terra Gloria Tua
Hosanna in excelsis

1:15:30/ X. AGNUS DEI qui tollis peccata mundi
Agus Dei qui tollis peccata mundi
dona eis requiem sempiternam
Te decet huymnus Deus in Sion
et tibit reddetur votum in Jerusalem
Exaudi orationem meam, ad te omnis
caro veniet
Requiem æternam
dona defunctis Domine et lux
perpetua luceat eis cum sanctis tuis
in æternam Domine quia pius es
Amen

The source of the experience

Berlioz

Concepts and Symbols used in the text or image

Activities

Observation contributed by: Margaret Booth