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Effects of an aquatic therapy approach (Halliwick-Therapy) on functional mobility in subacute stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial

Identifier

020761

Type of spiritual experience

A description of the experience

Clin Rehabil. 2014 May;28(5):432-9. doi: 10.1177/0269215513504942. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Effects of an aquatic therapy approach (Halliwick-Therapy) on functional mobility in subacute stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Tripp F1, Krakow K.

Author information

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of an aquatic physiotherapy method (Halliwick-Therapy) upon mobility in the post-acute phase of stroke rehabilitation.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

Hospital for neurological rehabilitation.

PARTICIPANTS:

Adult patients after first-ever stroke in post-acute inpatient rehabilitation at least two weeks after the onset of stroke (n = 30).

INTERVENTIONS:

In the Halliwick-Therapy group (n = 14) the treatment over a period of two weeks included 45 minutes of aquatic therapy three times per week and a conventional physiotherapeutic treatment twice a week. Subjects in the control group (n = 16) received conventional physiotherapeutic treatment over a period of two weeks five times per week.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary outcome variable was postural stability (Berg Balance Scale). Secondary outcome variables were functional reach, functional gait ability and basic functional mobility.

RESULTS:

Compared to the control group, significantly more subjects in the Halliwick-Therapy group (83.3% versus 46.7%) attained significant improvement of the Berg Balance Scale (P < 0.05). Improvement of the functional gait ability was significantly higher in the Halliwick-Therapy group (mean (SD) 1.25(0.86)) than in the control group (mean (SD) 0.73 (0.70)) (P < 0.1). The mean differences of improvements in functional reach and basic functional mobility were not statistically significant between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study indicates that Halliwick-Therapy is safe and well tolerated in stroke patients in post-acute rehabilitation and has positive effects upon some aspects of mobility.

KEYWORDS:

Halliwick; Stroke; aquatic therapy; balance; mobility

PMID:

24177711

The source of the experience

PubMed

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Observation contributed by: Rosie Rock-Evans