Medicinal plants used for musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra and their pharmacological validation
Type of spiritual experience
Symphytum tuberosum - Symphytum tuberosum, the tuberous comfrey or in Gaelic meacan dubh cnapach, is a species of Symphytum in the Boraginaceae family.
Hypericum perforatum, known as Perforate St John's-wort Common Saint John's wort and St John's wort
A description of the experience
J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Apr 9. pii: S0378-8741(15)00237-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.078. [Epub ahead of print] Medicinal plants used for musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra and their pharmacological validation. Cavero RY1, Calvo MI2.
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper provides important ethnopharmacological information on plants used in musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was collected using semi-structured ethnobotanical interviews. In order to confirm the pharmacological validation of the uses, monographs from Official International Agencies (ESCOP, Commission E, WHO and EMA) were reviewed. A literature review was conducted focusing on the plants that were widely used but had no published monograph.
RESULTS: A total of 199 pharmaceutical uses were reported, for 38 plants and 24 families, mainly represented by Asteraceae and Lamiaceae (11%, each), Rosaceae (8%) and Boraginaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Equisetaceae, Malvaceae, Oleaceae and Urticaceae (5%, each). The most frequently used parts were the aerial parts, roots, followed by inflorescences and leaves. Nine out of 38 plants (24%) and 123 uses (62%), had already been pharmacologically validated.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors propose to validate four species for their use in musculoskeletal disorders: Verbena officinalis, Symphytum tuberosum, Hypericum perforatum and Equisetum ssp.
Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
KEYWORDS: Ethnopharmacology; Musculoskeletal; Navarra; Traditional knowledge; Validation
The source of the experience
Concepts and Symbols used in the text or image
Observation contributed by: John Bryant