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Spiritual concepts

Tactile hallucinations

 

So called tactile hallucinations are nervous sensations that have no obvious cause.  A multitude of tactile hallucinations are possible - prickling, stinging, itching, burning, crawling sensations, some involve a feeling that ants are crawling over the skin.  There are a large number of examples on PubMed of people who have the sensation of parasites under their skin, for example, and after investigation, the people are found to have no parasites.  The psychologists have given this the name of delusional parasitosis, which helps no one who has them.  Note that a person may have parasites and the sensations can be genuine, parasites are often misdiagnosed and mistreated.

At the last count there were nearly 14,000 papers on PubMed where tactile hallucinations had been experienced.

 

There is one common factor that seems to cause these hallucinations and that is pharmaceuticals, mostly doctor prescribed ones, although there are instances of illegal drugs causing tactile hallucinations too.  Anti-depressants and tricyclic anti-depressants seem to produce an inordinately high number of tactile hallucinations, however, a whole host of pharmaceuticals are implicated – ADHD drugs, narcolepsy treatments etc.

For example: J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014 Aug;24(6):360-1. doi: 10.1089/cap.2013.0144. Epub 2014 Jul 9.  Tactile hallucinations with fluoxetine and methylphenidate. Arora GS1, Arora HK, Sidhu J, Najjar F.PMID:  25007312.

Of the Adverse Health Reports from pharmaceuticals which have caused hallucinations on the eHealthme site, the type of hallucination is not specified, other than whether they were mixed or not. Altogether there are currently 30,177 such reports from FDA and social media currently recorded.  It may be worth mentioning that the two biggest causes of hallucinations in general are pharmaceuticals and illness.

 

Rather alarmingly the link with pharmaceuticals does not appear to have been acknowledged and many people diagnosed with ‘psychosis’, are psychotic because of what their doctor has prescribed them, they are often given more pharmaceuticals which seems to exacerbate the problem.

Thus the principle cause of tactile hallucinations is damage to the sensory system by chemicals and the various causes of illness:

One interesting additional cause is related to ‘gases’.  Hyperventilation caused by panic attacks or that produced by deliberately hyperventilating to get a ‘high’ – rapid breathing or inappropriate breathing can result in paraesthesia/tactile hallucinations.  Hyperventilation and dysfunctional breathing result in too little carbon dioxide (hypocapnia) in their blood and other tissues. While oxygen is abundant in the bloodstream, rapid breathing reduces effective delivery of that oxygen to vital organs due to low-CO2-induced vasoconstriction and the suppressed Bohr effect.  The hyperventilation is self-promulgating as rapid breathing causes carbon dioxide levels to fall below healthy levels, and respiratory alkalosis (high blood pH) develops. This makes the symptoms worse, which causes the person to try breathing even faster, which further exacerbates the problem.  The respiratory alkalosis leads to changes in the way the nervous system fires and leads to the paraesthesia, dizziness, and perceptual changes that often accompany this condition.

 

There is also a cyclical cause here as many pharmaceuticals can also cause illness, as well as being a direct cause of hallucinations.   One very key pharmaceutical is the Vaccines.

After this, the next major cause is synaesthesia, the translation of one input such as sound or taste, into another form of input.  Yet again however, synaesthesia can have its origins in exactly the same causes as those mentioned above – pharmaceuticals, toxins etc.

Where pharmaceuticals have been administered on a regular or high dose basis, they can cause permanent brain damage giving the person permanent tactile hallucinations.

The only positive, as opposed to distressing tactile hallucinations encountered were those which accompanied the receipt of unusual functional ability.  Some people who gained functionally, also gained tactile abilities which were not unpleasant but were often difficult to describe as they were unknown to them.  Without any shared function between the experiencer and the recorder of the experience, no one can actually describe what the sensation feels like.

Observations

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